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Top 10 Ways to Overcome Insomnia

Updated: Apr 15

Table of Contents

  • Introduction

  • Establish a consistent sleep schedule

  • Create a relaxing bedtime routine

  • Optimise your sleep environment

  • Limit exposure to screens before bedtime

  • Watch your diet and caffeine intake

  • Incorporate regular exercise

  • Manage stress and anxiety

  • Try relaxation techniques

  • Consider cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I)

  • Consult a medical professional

  • FAQs


Insomnia is a pervasive sleep disorder affecting millions of people worldwide, and it can significantly impact work productivity. This article presents ten evidence-based strategies to conquer insomnia and enjoy better rest. By implementing these tips, you can improve your overall well-being and become more productive at work.

Establish a consistent sleep schedule

Our bodies thrive on consistency. Going to bed and waking up at the same time each day, even on weekends, can help regulate your internal clock, making it easier to fall asleep and wake up refreshed. Numerous studies have shown the benefits of maintaining a regular sleep schedule for overall sleep quality.

Create a relaxing bedtime routine

A calming pre-sleep routine signals your brain that it's time to wind down. Consider activities such as reading, gentle stretching, or journaling to ease the transition from wakefulness to sleep. Avoid stimulating activities, such as watching TV or engaging in intense conversations, which can interfere with your ability to fall asleep.

Optimise your sleep environment

A comfortable, quiet, and dark sleep environment is essential for good sleep. Invest in a high-quality mattress and pillows, use blackout curtains, and consider a white noise machine or earplugs to block out disturbances. Additionally, maintaining a cool room temperature (between 15-20°C) has been found to promote better sleep.

Limit exposure to screens before bedtime

The blue light emitted by smartphones, tablets, and computers can suppress the production of melatonin, the hormone that regulates sleep. To improve sleep quality, limit screen time at least an hour before bedtime and engage in relaxing activities instead.

Watch your diet and caffeine intake

What you consume can impact your sleep. Avoid large meals and spicy foods before bedtime, as they can cause indigestion and disrupt sleep. Limit caffeine intake, especially in the afternoon and evening, as it can interfere with your ability to fall asleep.

Incorporate regular exercise

Regular physical activity has been proven to improve sleep quality and duration. However, avoid strenuous workouts close to bedtime, as they may stimulate the body and make it more challenging to fall asleep.

Manage stress and anxiety

Stress and anxiety can significantly contribute to sleep problems, including insomnia. Incorporate stress management techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, or yoga into your daily routine to alleviate stress and promote relaxation.

Try relaxation techniques

Various relaxation techniques can help you calm your mind and prepare for sleep. Progressive muscle relaxation, guided imagery, and deep breathing exercises are all effective methods to ease tension and encourage sleep.

Consider cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I)

CBT-I is an evidence-based treatment for insomnia that addresses the underlying thoughts and behaviours that contribute to sleep problems. It has been shown to be more effective than sleep medications in the long term and can significantly improve sleep quality. Consult a qualified therapist for CBT-I if you struggle with persistent insomnia.

Consult a medical professional

If your insomnia persists despite implementing these strategies, it's essential to consult a medical professional. They can help identify any underlying health conditions that may be contributing to your sleep problems and recommend appropriate treatments.


Q: How much sleep do adults need? A: Most adults need 7-9 hours of sleep per night to function optimally. However, individual needs may vary, and some people may require more or less sleep to feel rested.

Q: Can napping help with insomnia? A: While short naps can provide an energy boost, long or frequent naps can interfere with nighttime sleep. If you have insomnia, it's best to avoid napping or limit naps to 20-30 minutes in the early afternoon.

Q: Are sleep medications a good solution for insomnia? A: Sleep medications may provide short-term relief for insomnia, but they are not a long-term solution. They can have side effects and may lead to dependence. Non-pharmacological interventions, such as CBT-I, are generally recommended as the first line of treatment.

Q: Is it normal to wake up during the night? A: Brief awakenings during the night are normal, and most people experience them without even realizing it. However, if you find it difficult to fall back asleep or frequently wake up for extended periods, it could be a sign of insomnia or another sleep disorder.

Q: Can alcohol help with sleep? A: Although alcohol may help you fall asleep faster, it can disrupt the quality of your sleep by causing frequent awakenings, reducing REM sleep, and leading to next-day grogginess. It is best to consume alcohol in moderation and avoid it close to bedtime.

Q: How can I tell if I have insomnia? A: Insomnia is characterized by difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or waking up too early. If you experience these symptoms at least three times a week for three months or more, and they negatively impact your daily life, you may have insomnia. Consult a medical professional for an accurate diagnosis and treatment recommendations.

Q: How long should it take to fall asleep? A: On average, it should take about 10 to 20 minutes to fall asleep. This period is called sleep latency. If it takes you longer than 30 minutes to fall asleep on a regular basis, you may have sleep-onset insomnia.

Q: Are electronic devices harmful to sleep? A: Electronic devices, such as smartphones, tablets, and computers, emit blue light, which can suppress the production of melatonin and make it harder to fall asleep. It is recommended to avoid using electronic devices at least 30 minutes before bedtime to ensure better sleep quality.

Q: Can stress cause insomnia? A: Yes, stress is a common cause of insomnia. When you're stressed, your body releases stress hormones that can make it difficult for your mind and body to relax, making it harder to fall asleep or stay asleep. Practicing stress-reducing techniques, such as deep breathing exercises, meditation, or yoga, can help alleviate stress and improve sleep quality.

Q: Can exercise help improve sleep? A: Regular physical activity can help you fall asleep faster, sleep more soundly, and wake up feeling more refreshed. However, it is best to avoid vigorous exercise close to bedtime, as it can have the opposite effect and make it harder to fall asleep.

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